An international team of researchers with the involvement of RUB has combined molecular building blocks from plants and microorganisms in a bio solar cell so that they could use light energy to directly produce hydrogen. This combination does not occur like this in nature: although plants can use light energy to convert carbon dioxide into biomass, they cannot produce hydrogen. Some bacteria, however, can produce hydrogen, but not directly using light energy.
"For the first time, we were able to develop a bio solar cell that directly generates a chemical energy carrier, in our case hydrogen," summarises Dr. Adrian Ruff from the Bochum-based Center for Electrochemical Sciences.
Components easily replaceable
The modular design of the system makes it easy to replace biological and chemical components so that other functions could also be possible. "Our molecular Lego box offers many possibilities for future applications," says Associate Professor Dr. Marc Nowaczyk from the RUB Department of Plant Biochemistry. "It would be conceivable, for example, to produce liquid energy carriers based on carbon from climate-damaging carbon dioxide."
The results are described by the Bochum researchers together with colleagues from the University of Cambridge in the journal Nature Energy, published online on 3 September 2018.
Original Publication: K. P. Sokol, W. E. Robinson, J. Warnan, N. Kornienko, M. M. Nowaczyk, A. Ruff, J. Z. Zhang, E. Reisner: Bias-free photoelectrochemical water splitting with photosystem II on a dye-sensitized photoanode wired to hydrogenase, in: Nature Energy, 2018, DOI: 10.1038/s41560-018-0232-y