RUHR EXPLORES SOLVATION SCIENCE

RUHR EXPLORES SOLVATION SCIENCE

We shape a new scientific discipline, inspire the scientists of tomorrow, and enable future technologies

WE ARE RESOLV

WE ARE RESOLV

Over 200 scientists from about 50 research groups in 7 institutions

ZEMOS: Home of Solvation Science @RUB

ZEMOS: Home of Solvation Science @RUB

The first research building for Solvation Science in the world. Hosts over 100 scientists, it's home to 6 disciplines.

WHAT is RESOLV?

The Cluster of Excellence RESOLV is a joint research project of about fifty research groups from seven institutions in the German Ruhr area. Since 2012, we use cutting-edge experimental and computational techniques to understand the role of solvents at the molecular detail in the most diverse chemical processes. For example, we investigate the influence of water in vital biological processes as well as the effects of solvents on synthesis and catalytic reactions. Our research lays the foundations for major advances in key green and medical technologies. RESOLV is funded with 28 Mio. EUR by the German Research Foundation (DFG).

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Latest News or browse all

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Researchers have given these metal particles in solution a special property. © RUB, Marquard
Patrick Wilde, Wolfgang Schuhmann and Corina Andronescu (from the left) with a photo of their Australian collaboration partners Tania Benedetti, Justin Gooding, Richard Tilley and Johanna Wordsworth (from the left) © RUB, Marquard

Metallic nanocatalysts imitate the structure of enzymes

JACS: In catalysis, nature is sometimes more efficient than artificial systems. Researchers have copied one of the tricks.

Natural enzymes have certain structural characteristics that give them particularly high catalytic activity. The trick: their active centres, where the catalysed reactions take place, are located in channels inside the enzymes, where the conditions for the reaction are particularly favourable. A German-Australian research team has transferred this principle to artificial catalysts. In tiny metal particles, they created channels in which a chemical reaction could take place. The reaction was three times more efficient inside the particles than on the surface.

The results are described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, published online on 23 September 2018 by researchers from the RUB Center for Electrochemical Sciences and colleagues from the University of New South Wales.

Enormous potential

According to the authors, the results show the enormous potential of nanozymes. They now want to test the concept with different chemical reactions and investigate the basics of increased catalytic activity in more detail.

"We would like to be able to imitate the way enzymes work even better in the future," says Professor Wolfgang Schuhmann, Center for Electrochemical Sciences. "Ultimately, we hope that the concept will contribute to industrial applications in order to make energy conversion processes more efficient using electricity generated from renewable sources."

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Original Publication: T. M. Benedetti, C. Andronescu, S. Cheong, P. Wilde, J. Wordsworth, M. Kientz, R. D. Tilley, W. Schuhmann, J. J. Gooding: Electrocatalytic nanoparticles that mimic the three-dimensional geometric architecture of enzymes: nanozymes, in: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2018, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b08664

Press Release from RUB

Posted on
Researchers have given these metal particles in solution a special property. © RUB, Marquard
Patrick Wilde, Wolfgang Schuhmann and Corina Andronescu (from the left) with a photo of their Australian collaboration partners Tania Benedetti, Justin Gooding, Richard Tilley and Johanna Wordsworth (from the left) © RUB, Marquard

Metallic nanocatalysts imitate the structure of enzymes

JACS: In catalysis, nature is sometimes more efficient than artificial systems. Researchers have copied one of the tricks.

Natural enzymes have certain structural characteristics that give them particularly high catalytic activity. The trick: their active centres, where the catalysed reactions take place, are located in channels inside the enzymes, where the conditions for the reaction are particularly favourable. A German-Australian research team has transferred this principle to artificial catalysts. In tiny metal particles, they created channels in which a chemical reaction could take place. The reaction was three times more efficient inside the particles than on the surface.

The results are described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, published online on 23 September 2018 by researchers from the RUB Center for Electrochemical Sciences and colleagues from the University of New South Wales.

Enormous potential

According to the authors, the results show the enormous potential of nanozymes. They now want to test the concept with different chemical reactions and investigate the basics of increased catalytic activity in more detail.

"We would like to be able to imitate the way enzymes work even better in the future," says Professor Wolfgang Schuhmann, Center for Electrochemical Sciences. "Ultimately, we hope that the concept will contribute to industrial applications in order to make energy conversion processes more efficient using electricity generated from renewable sources."

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Original Publication: T. M. Benedetti, C. Andronescu, S. Cheong, P. Wilde, J. Wordsworth, M. Kientz, R. D. Tilley, W. Schuhmann, J. J. Gooding: Electrocatalytic nanoparticles that mimic the three-dimensional geometric architecture of enzymes: nanozymes, in: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2018, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b08664

Press Release from RUB

Our scientific fields

Research Area A

Understanding and Exploiting Solvation in Chemical Processes

 

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Research Area B

Connecting Solvation Dynamics with Biomolecular Function

 

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Research Area C

Ion Solvation
and Charge Transfer at Interfaces

 

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Video: The solvent of life

Water. It’s the most abundant substance on Earth´s surface and in our bodies. But is water a passive spectator in the animated scene of bio-chemical reactions inside our cells? RESOLV scientists investigate the important role that water plays in the most diverse processes, bringing solvation science into the spotlight.

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Upcoming Events or browse all

Posted on
Researchers have given these metal particles in solution a special property. © RUB, Marquard
Patrick Wilde, Wolfgang Schuhmann and Corina Andronescu (from the left) with a photo of their Australian collaboration partners Tania Benedetti, Justin Gooding, Richard Tilley and Johanna Wordsworth (from the left) © RUB, Marquard

Metallic nanocatalysts imitate the structure of enzymes

JACS: In catalysis, nature is sometimes more efficient than artificial systems. Researchers have copied one of the tricks.

Natural enzymes have certain structural characteristics that give them particularly high catalytic activity. The trick: their active centres, where the catalysed reactions take place, are located in channels inside the enzymes, where the conditions for the reaction are particularly favourable. A German-Australian research team has transferred this principle to artificial catalysts. In tiny metal particles, they created channels in which a chemical reaction could take place. The reaction was three times more efficient inside the particles than on the surface.

The results are described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, published online on 23 September 2018 by researchers from the RUB Center for Electrochemical Sciences and colleagues from the University of New South Wales.

Enormous potential

According to the authors, the results show the enormous potential of nanozymes. They now want to test the concept with different chemical reactions and investigate the basics of increased catalytic activity in more detail.

"We would like to be able to imitate the way enzymes work even better in the future," says Professor Wolfgang Schuhmann, Center for Electrochemical Sciences. "Ultimately, we hope that the concept will contribute to industrial applications in order to make energy conversion processes more efficient using electricity generated from renewable sources."

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Original Publication: T. M. Benedetti, C. Andronescu, S. Cheong, P. Wilde, J. Wordsworth, M. Kientz, R. D. Tilley, W. Schuhmann, J. J. Gooding: Electrocatalytic nanoparticles that mimic the three-dimensional geometric architecture of enzymes: nanozymes, in: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2018, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b08664

Press Release from RUB

gss summer school

The Graduate School Solvation Science hosts an annual Summer School at the Ruhr University Bochum. The school always takes place during Whitsuntide and is an integral part of the GSS students' training during their doctoral studies. This year's GSS Summer School took place from the 22nd to the 25th of May, 2018.

International speakers, suggested by the students themselves, are invited to give keynote talks on their research in the field of Solvation Science. The Advanced Laboratory Modules give the students an excellent opportunity to learn new and interesting experimental and theoretical techniques within a specific research topic of their own choice. 

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Publications highlight

K Lucht, D Loose, M Ruschmeier, V Strotkötter, G Dyker, K Morgenstern
Hydrophilicity and Microsolvation of an Organic Molecule Resolved on the Submolecular Level by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, Angew. Chem. 57 (2018), 1266, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201711062

N Tsuji, JL Kennemur, T Buyck, S Lee, S Prévost, PSJ Kaib, D Bykov, C Farès, B List
Activation of olefins via asymmetric Brøsted acid, Science 359 (2018), 1501, DOI: 10.1126/science.aaq0445

D Muñoz-santiburcio, M Farnesi Camellone, D Marx
Solvation-Induced Changes in the Mechanism of Alcohol Oxidation at Gold/Titania Nanocatalysts in the Aqueous Phase versus Gas Phase, Angew. Chem. 57 (2018), 3327, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201710791

KF Pfister, S Baader, M Baader, S Berndt, LJ Goossen
Biofuel by isomerizing metathesis of rapeseed oil esters with (bio)ethylene for use in contemporary dieses engines, Science Advances  3 (2017),  e1602624, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602624

C Schuabb, N Kumar, S Pataraia, D Marx, R Winter
Pressure modulates the self-cleavage step of the hairpin ribozyme, Nature Communications 8 (2017), 14661, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14661

 

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